Most of the problems with a toilet fixture are simple clogs that can be solved with a plunger and some elbow grease. When the plumbing breaks down, however, it may be necessary to repair toilet parts or entirely replace the fixture. You only need a few household tools to do the job and any replacement parts can easily be purchased at nearby retail stores. A seat replacement, for example, requires only unscrewing the broken piece and screwing in a new seat.
The first step to repair toilet problems lies in the tank underneath the lid. The plumbing may work fine, but if the parts are jammed or out of sync, they must be fixed first. If your tank is stuck and is not filling with the water that will drain into the bowl, examine the stopper at the bottom to ensure that it is not out of place. If the chain to the stopper is caught, or if the stopper does not close all the way, a tank will not fill. When you repair toilet tank problems, you usually do not need to replace any parts.
If an object has been lodged within the pipe and cannot be removed by plunging, you do not necessarily need to call a plumber. Using a snake to pull out the clog will not cost a hefty fee, but requires getting your hands dirty. Use a coat hanger or similar piece of thin metal with a hook to reach into the pipe and pull back to dislodge the obstruction. If you cannot get a hold of the clog, you will have to remove part of the pipe. Turn off the water supply to the fixtures and unscrew the circular pipe leading into the plumbing. Use a solid object like a stick or plastic tube to repair toilet fixtures by pushing out the obstruction.
When the fixture starts and stops running water, the problem usually involves a slow leak. This is the most dreaded problem when having to repair toilet parts, because you have to figure out where it comes from. Put a dye tablet in the tank and check an hour later to see if the bowl has the same color. Drain the tank and check for leaks. Use caulk to plug any leaks. If the drain is in your pipe, you will have to replace the pipe part or seal it with a blowtorch.